Seven categories of sleep disorders are identified in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, produced by AASM in conjunction with several other authoritative sleep groups worldwide. Sleep disorders fall into these groups: Insomnia. The most common sleep disorder, insomnia falls into two major categories: trouble falling asleep and difficulty maintaining sleep through the night. Sleep-related breathing disorders. Obstructive sleep apnea is a major example. Apnea is a period when someone stops breathing. During apnea episodes, throat muscles that normally hold the airway open during sleep fail to do so, causing the airway to collapse. These episodes can occur hundreds of times in the night. Central disorders of hypersomnolence. Narcolepsy is the most familiar example of this group of disorders marked by excessive sleepiness. With narcolepsy, people have trouble staying awake and alert during the day, which affects their ability to function at work or school and can make driving dangerous. Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders. Conditions that temporarily or routinely go against the body's normal biological clock of being active during the day and sleeping at night, or differing from accustomed sleep patterns, include jet lag and shift work sleep disorders. Parasomnias. Unusual nighttime behavior is the hallmark of a parasomnia. Sleepwalking, night terrors, sleep paralysis and REM sleep behavior disorder are common examples. Sleep-related movement disorders. Restless legs syndrome is among the conditions involving repetitive movements that affect sleep. "A classic example is a woman sitting on a couch watching TV with her husband," Bhola says. "He's sitting quietly, whereas she has to get up and walk in circles around the couch – her restless legs are bothering her so much that she has to move or stretch them." At bedtime, a relentless need for activity and uncomfortable leg sensations can prevent you from falling asleep. Other sleep disorders. Some sleep-related conditions don't fit into the categories above. One example is sundowning – when people with dementia become more confused in the evening, often leading to sleep disruption.
For years, telemedicine has been pitched as a way to drive down costs, increase access to care and make appointments more efficient. If extreme measures like mass quarantines come to pass, telehealth could finally have its moment in the spotlight.
Scientists are peering more deeply into the sleeping brain than ever before, discovering just how powerful sleep can be, playing a role in everything from memory retention and emotional regulation to removing waste from our brains.
Sleeping problems in people are more common among those who have parents with a history of sleeping issues, a new study suggests.
It’s a classic situation among couples: One person says the bedroom is too cold. The other says it’s too hot. There is a bitter battle for control of the thermostat. Sleep experts unanimously suggest keeping your bedroom cooler than standard daytime temps.
The people hardest hit when it comes to sleep deprivation are those we depend on the most for our health and safety: police and health care workers, along with those in the transportation field, such as truck drivers.
Perhaps unsurprisingly, a study found a link between high social media usage and poor sleep patterns. Specifically, teens who report heavier social media use go to sleep later. And, late bedtimes are linked with poorer academic and mental health outcomes.